Ludwig Klaps alias Friedrich Klapps

German, naval officer.
Klaps joined the Abwehr in 1939 and was based in Belgium, Le Touquet and (from 1943) in Italy during the war.
He was interrogated in 1945.

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Uit "Anatomy of perjury: Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, Via Rasella, and the Ginny mission", Richard Raiber.

Careful review of microfilmed German operational records led the author to solve a World War II mystery involving Field Marshal Albert Kesselring and the Italian campaign he directed. Facts about two events in March 1944 - the Ardeatine Cave Massacre and the failed GINNY II mission - were manipulated, and Kesselring's 1947 defense was accepted without challenge until 1997, when Dr. Raiber found irrefutable evidence that Kesselring had misled the court in order to hide his involvement in the murder of fifteen U.S. soldiers who had been captured in uniform behind enemy lines.Kesselring claimed he was present in his Monte Soratee headquarters north of Rome on March 23, 1944 when he received and passed on Hitler's 10-for-1 retaliatory order against the Via Rasella partisans, resulting in the massacre at the Ardeatine Cave. A day earlier, on the Ligurian coast, members of an OSS operational group, GINNY II, landed north of La Spezia. Captured behind German lines, these U.S. soldiers were interrogated and summarily shot on March 26. Thereafter Kesselring ordered the destruction of all records bearing on GINNY II to conceal his presence in La Spezia and his confirmation of the execution order but surviving documents clearly place him there at noon on March 24. Richard Raiber died in 2002. The University of Delaware awarded his PhD in January 2003.
Klaps Friedrich book.GIF

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